Context of Using iris, fingerprint scans to fight crime:
Maharashtra became the first state to adopt a digital fingerprint and iris scanning system to aid police investigations.
- Indian authorities first thought of digitising fingerprints in 2015
- The Maharashtra Cyber Department studied models used by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Central Intelligence Agency and the Department of Homeland Security in the United States, and Interpol, before formulating its own requirements.
- the French company that had designed the Interpol’s biometric and facial recognition system was awarded the tender to set up AMBIS.
- It comprises a computer terminal, a camera, and iris, fingerprint, and palm scanners.
- Includes a portable system to dust off and capture fingerprints from crime scenes.
- Integration of the system with facial recognition from CCTV cameras.
What the new system AMBIS does:
- AMBIS replaces the Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS), which has been used by Indian law enforcement agencies to search for finger and palm prints.
- AFIS has limited utility, providing only one-to-one fingerprint matches as compared multimodal matches possible with AMBIS. With facial recognition technology, the new system is also an upgrade to AFIS.
- The Automated Multi-modal Biometric Identification System (or AMBIS) adopted by the Maharashtra Police will soon be replicated across the country, with the state government working with the National Crime Records Bureau in New Delhi to create standards to be used by other state police forces.
Benefits of the System:
- The older data is being continuously worked upon to increase accuracy and resemble the high-quality prints now recorded using AMBIS.
- The system is expected to be of help in more serious offenses as its accuracy improves and the database expands.
- The Automated Multi-modal Biometric Identification System (or AMBIS) adopted by the Maharashtra Police will soon be replicated across the country.
- The state government working with the National Crime Records Bureau in New Delhi to create standards to be used by other state police forces.