Context of New Education Policy 2019:
Recently, the HRD Ministry has pushed the draft new education policy with a different outlook towards education in the country. It touches all the aspects from primary to higher education, liberal arts to science, reviving the spirit of RTE.
Background of New Education Policy 2019:
After the report of the late TSR Subramanian Committee (2016), another committee under K Kasturirangan has prepared the recently released draft. It is the first NEP since 1986, with amendments in 1992.
Objectives of New Education Policy 2019:
- Double the Gross Enrolment Ratio from 25% to 50% by 2035
- Make universities the hubs of research as well as doubling the percentage of public expenditure on education
- Encourages the primary school education in the mother tongue with traditional Indian knowledge systems into the curriculum
- Establishes a National Research Foundation, and a Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog/National Education Commission.
Key recommendations of New Education Policy 2019:
- The policy aims to cover children of 3-18 years against 6-14 years under the Right to Education (RTE) Act.
- It reconfigures the school curriculum and pedagogy in a new 5+3+3+4 design, for the age group of 3-8 years, 8-11 years, 11-14 years, and 14-18 years, respectively.
- Traditional three-year program of B.A., B.Sc., as well as B.Voc. degrees to continue but all Bachelor’s degrees will move towards a more comprehensive liberal education approach.
- For pursuing a Ph.D., a person shall require either a Master’s degree or a four-year Bachelor’s degree with research.
It also proposes:
- Universal foundational literacy and numeracy through initiatives like the National Tutors Programme and the Remedial Instructional Aides Programme.
- Review of Clause 12(1)(c)in RTE ACT– providing mandatory 25 percent reservation for economically weaker section students in private schools
- Increasing the number of offshore campuses of Indian institutions and permitting the world’s top 200 universities to set up branches in India.
- A single independent regulator ‘State School Regulatory Authority’ (SSRA) for the school education sector
- a separate single regulator (National Higher Education Regulatory Authority) for higher education
- Doubling of public funding to 6% of the GDP seem infeasible as most funding has to come from the States
- The issue of strengthening of present traditional language institutions remains dismal. Ex: Central Institute of Indian Languages (Mysuru)
- The quality of infrastructure and teacher vacancies in the present time remains an issue so expansion through RTE should be done gradually
- Bringing the medical or agricultural or legal education under the Ministry of HRD may pose some administrative problems.
- Regulation by National Higher Education Regulatory Authority needs to be addressed vis-a-vis Higher Education Commission of India.
- Language issues require proper handling as the protest raising in many states against the three language formula.
- Neuroscientific evidence shows over 85% of a child’s cumulative brain development occurs before the age of six which would facilitate play and discovery-based learning.
- Introduction of school complexes, modular Board Examinations, Special Education Zones, focusing teachers and training.
The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act or
Right to Education Act (RTE) 2009, which describes the modalities of the importance of free and compulsory education for children between 6 and 14 in India under Article 21a of the Indian Constitution.
|National Education Commission (NEC) or Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog (RSA) as an apex body for Indian education, to be headed by the Prime Minister of India, with a mandate beyond the current HRD Ministry.|
source: The Hindu